doi: 10.15389/agrobiology.2017.6.1116eng

UDC 633.37:631.529:631.526(470+571)

Supported financially by the Ministry of Equation and Science of the Russian Federation, project RFMEFI60417X0168, agreement № 14.604.21.0168.



N.I. Dzyubenko1, E.A. Dzyubenko1, E.K. Potokina1, S.V. Bulyntsev2

1Federal Research Center the N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations, 42-44, ul. Bol’shaya Morskaya, St. Petersburg, 190000 Russia, e-mail,, (corresponding author);
2Kuban Experiment Breeding Station, Branch of Federal Research Center the N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations, 2, ul. Tsentral'naya, pos. Botanika, Gul'kevichskii Region, Krasnodarskii krai, 352183 Russia, e-mail

Dzyubenko N.I.
Dzyubenko E.A.
Potokina E.K.
Bulyntsev S.V.

Received October 28, 2017


Clusterbeans Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub. is annual leguminous plant of multipurpose use. In India it is known as a forage crop, green mass serves for animal feeding and as a green manure (K.V. Muradov, 1973). Young green pods are used as vegetable, and many vegetable guar varieties are cultivated (N.K. Dwivedi, 2009). Guar meal (husk and germ) is a high-protein ingredient for feeding cattle, broilers and fish, its antidigestive factors can be reduced by temperature treating and adding enzymes (M. Hussain et al., 2012). Guar powder Churi 40 contains about 40 % of protein, granular guar fodders Korma 50 and Korma 60 contain 50 and 60 % of protein. Guar gum extracted from endosperm of guar seeds is used widely in food, textile, paper, cosmetic and oil industries for its ability to emulsify and thicken liquids (D. Mugdil et al., 2014). The demand in guar gum is increasing in domestic and world markets. Plant genetic diversity of the crop is allocated mainly to India where guar had been growing from ancient times. In USA guar breeding has succeeded with improved varieties (W. Liu, 2003). Guar collection founded in the Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR), Russia, by N.I. Vavilov lists more than 100 accessions. Germination of guar seeds from VIR collection after 40-year storage even at the room temperature remained high.  The research data and the practice of guar growing in Russia testify that the crop could be successfully cultivated in the southern regions. Here, the main desired traits of the guar are short time for crop maturation and high gum viscosity.

Keywords: guar, guar meal, granular guar fodder, guar gum, galactomannans, genetic resources of clusterbeans, introduction.


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