UDC 636.1:619:616.155.194:577.2:57.083

doi: 10.15389/agrobiology.2014.6.81eng


N.N. Gerasimova, O.L. Kolbasova, S.Zh. Tsybanov, A.V. Lunitsin, D.V. Kolbasov

All-Russian Institute of Veterinary Virology and Microbiology, Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Pokrov, Petushinskii Region, Vladimir Province, 601120 Russia, e-mail gerasimova-nadya-88@yandex.ru, vniivvim@niiv.petush.elcom.ru

Received March 31, 2014

Equine infectious anemia in horses is caused by equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV, Lentivirus, Retroviridae), affecting hematopoietic organs. The symptoms of the disease are relapsing or continued fever, anemia and a disturbance of cardiovascular functions. Duly virus detection is the only effective way to control infection. Serological methods used to indicate EIAV have some limitations. For instance, they did not allow identifying infected animals prior to seroconversion. Also an immunodeficiency can really occur when the content of virus specific antibodies is too low to be indicated. Here we report the results of comparative study of different serological and molecular techniques for diagnosis of equine infectious anemia in experimentally inoculated susceptible 9 month old foal. In the experiment, there were used the kits for agar gel immunodiffusion assay (Russia) and ELISA (France) as serological tests, and our own developed test-systems for viral RNA detection by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with electrophoretic control and by real-time RT-PCR. Developed PCR-tests is based on amplification of EIAV gag-gene fragment using specific oligonucleotide primers. In blood, the viral RNA were detected by both test-systems from 2 day after animal inoculation until the end of observation at 35 day. Specific antibodies were detected in diffuse precipitation reaction from 30 day and in ELISA from 21 day after animal inoculation. Thus, PCR-analysis could be used as an express-test for detecting EIAV genome prior to seroconvertion, and then other diagnostic methods should be further applied to verify the RCR data. The developed Russian test-systems and investigation techniques confirm the benefits of the PCR diagnosis in the early stages of the EIA.

Keywords: equine infectious anemia, experimental infection, PCR, serodiagnostics.


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