doi: 10.15389/agrobiology.2018.2.309eng

UDC 636.2:636.082:591.111.1:616-097



O.S. Shatalina

Ural Research Institute of Agriculture, Federal Agency of Scientific Organizations, 21, ul. Glavnaya, pos. Istok,Ekaterinburg,620061 Russia, e-mail (✉ corresponding author)

Shatalina O.S.

Received May 13, 2016


Modern development of animal breeding is impossible without the implementation of molecular genetic methods, the use of which allows searching for reliable biomarkers of the desired development of economically useful traits in farm animals based on the analysis of hereditary information. Thus, immunogenetic methods allowed significant reduction of errors in the control of pedigree of breeders. Studies of the interrelationships of blood groups with economically useful signs of animals are in progress. Infertility and barrenness in cattle lead to huge economic losses. The purpose of this work was to identify the relationship between antigenic similarity of blood groups in parents and reproduction indicators in cattle. The study was carried out from 2009 to 2014 in Sverdlovsk Region in the livestock farms Mezenskoe LLC (Beloyarsky Region), Pervouralsky Integrated Agricultural Production Center (Pervouralsk Town District) and Artemovsky Farming Company LLC (Artemovsky Region) using 1300 pairs of Ural-type black-and-white cattle. The mated animals were authentic in origin and certified for blood groups. For their certification, 54 monospecific sera to 11 blood group systems were used. In mated animals the index of antigenic similarity of blood groups, expressed as the ratio of similar antigens in bulls and cows to their total number, and homozygosity on EAA, EAF, and EAZ blood group systems were calculated. These blood group systems were represented by several antigens which makes it possible to trace immune conflict in mated animals. By biometrical processing, it was identified that the pairs which were heterozygous in EAA and EAF antigens showed higher efficiency of conception and better survival of the offspring, though the twinning frequency decreased. The parents homozygous in EAA system produced the progeny in which the amount of aborted embryos was 2.5 % higher than that in the heterozygous pairs. The number of calves born dead from the EAF-homozygous pairs was twice as much as that of heterozygous pairs. Apparently, the immune conflict, which leads to the extended period from delivery to productive insemination and higher offspring death, decreases in animals homozygous in EAZ system. The number of calves born dead was 3.2 % for homozygous pairs and 4.7 % for heterozygous pairs. The index of antigenic similarity of parents varied from 0.1 to 0.8. If the antigenic similarity of the mated animals was 10 %, significant losses of calves were observed. If the antigenic similarity was 20 %, such losses increased but not significantly. The similar patterns were observed for the twinning. If the index of antigenic similarity of the mated animals was from 0 to 0.1, the maximum twins were born, and if the index of similarity was 0.2 or more, the number of twins increased, but gradually. Thus, the antigenic similarity of mated animals influences the number and survival of born calves.

Keywords: cattle, antigens, blood groups, index of antigenic similarity, homozygosity, multiple fetus, survival of calves.


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